Signs and Symptoms of Visual Information Gathering and Visual Information Processing Problems


Visual Motor Observations


1. Paper constantly moving

2. Poor posture when writing

3. Poor pencil grasp


MORE visual motor observations…




Relationship of Visual Motor Skills to Academic Performance


    Child considered by teacher to be “lazy”, “not trying”


    Has difficulty with all written work


    Sloppy work, rejected as unreadable


    Constant motion (paper and body)


    MORE relationship of visual motor skills to academic





Symptoms of Visual Motor Integration Difficulties


    Poor handwriting


    Inability to put a column of numbers in a straight line


    Can respond orally but can’t get it down on paper


    Contorts himself when writing


    May be good artistically – but dislikes coloring pictures


    Poor at tasks requiring hand-eye coordination


    MORE symptoms of visual motor integration difficulties…




Gross Motor Observations


    Posture – observe trunk, shoulders, arms


    Excessive activity (non-directed)


    Deterioration of visual distance from paper


    Visual control of motor movements




        Does child seem one sided?

        Uses both sides, but not together?

        Difficulty crossing midline?





        Demonstrates left/right confusion?

        Demonstrates top/bottom confusion?








    Signs of Gross Motor Problems


        Child in constant motion as reported by parent and



        Walks into walls (doesn’t look where he’s going)


        Uncoordinated (one-sided) movements


        Can’t skip, hop or jump


        Uncoordinated athletically


        MORE signs of gross motor problems




    Symptoms of Perceptual Difficulties


        Difficulty judging size and shape


        Difficulty recognizing objects that are similar to familiar



        Papers from school that involved discrimination of

        similarities and differences are poor


        Difficulty learning letters and numbers


        Parent has hard time teaching “anything”


        MORE symptoms of perceptual difficulties




    Signs of Visual Perceptual Difficulties


        Child tends to be slow


        Child tends to be impulsive


        Guesses at solutions


        When making discriminations tends not to utilize same

        factors as other children


        Ignores small differences and similarities


        MORE signs of visual perceptual difficulties


Calgary Vision Therapy

Dr. Brent W. Neufeld, Optometrist


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